1946 - 1960 A brief history of disability in NI. 1945 – 1960 1948: Health Services Act (NI) 1948 is passed in Northern Ireland along with other legislation such as the National Assistance Act. Keeping in line with developments in England. 1948: Mental Health Act passes and move towards a more therapeutic approach albeit in institutional settings. 1950’s: By the end of the 1950’s inpatient numbers at psychiatric hospitals are peaking. Hollywell having over 800 residents and Downshire over 1,100. 1950’s: A standing Committee on disability under what is now the Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action (NICVA) is established and would eventually become Disability Action. 1959: Muckamore Abbey Hospital opens to offer treatment through training for people with learning disabilities. 1960: Parkanaur College opens as a specialist further education college for students aged 18+.